Regulation of burstiness by network-driven activation

We prove that complex networks of interactions have the capacity to regulate and buffer unpredictable fluctuations in production events. We show that non-bursty network-driven activation dynamics can effectively regulate the level of burstiness in the production of nodes, which can be enhanced or reduced. Burstiness can be induced even when the endogenous inter-event time distribution of nodes’ production is non-bursty. We find that hubs tend to be less susceptible to the networked regulatory effects than low degree nodes. Our results have important implications for the analysis and engineering of bursty activity in a range of systems, from communication networks to transcription and translation of genes into proteins in cells.